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Moral diversity and equality of opportunity for algorithms in autonomous vehicles

Martim Brandao, Waseda University, Japan

This paper addresses two issues with the development of ethical algorithms for autonomous vehicles. One is that of uncertainty in the choice of ethical theories and utility functions. Using notions of moral diversity, normative uncertainty, and autonomy, we argue that each vehicle user should be allowed to choose the ethical views by which the vehicle should act. We then deal with the issue of indirect discrimination in ethical algorithms. Here we argue that equality of opportunity is a helpful concept, which could be applied as an algorithm constraint to avoid discrimination on protected characteristics.