Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Robot Clones

New Perspectives in Robophilosophy and Technoimmortality

Aura-Elena Schussler, “Babeş-Bolyai” University, Romania

This research aims to analyze technoimmortality in the humanoid robot clones paradigm. Starting from the theories of Ray Kurzweil and Martine Rothblatt, relating to mind-uploading and technoimmortality in the cyberconsciousness and robot clones paradigm, the research aims to establish both the ontological status of robot clones as well as their social status. Thus, the overall objective of this paper is to analyze the risks/benefits that exist in the robophilosophy paradigm, in the event that these robot clones will live alongside humans in society. In such a situation, the problem regarding the ontological status of robot clones in society involves the need to analyze the personhood hypothesis of robot clones (if the robot clones could, or could not have, personhood), embraceing the theories of Immanuel Kant, Daniel Dennett and Lynne Rudder Baker. The theoretical objective aims to deconstruct the way in which the theory of mind-uploading (consciousness) into a humanoid robot clone—supported by the arguments of Ray Kurzweil and Martine Rothblatt—actually leads to a simulacra of our own person, namely a philosophical zombie, according the theories of Ned Block, David Chalmers and John Searl. The approach will be to examine Kurzweil and Rothblatt’s arguments, along with Block, Chalmers and Searl's critique on the artificial consciousness of robot clones, supplemented by Kant and Dennett’s arguments on personhood as applied to the humanoid robot clones paradigm.